Card Board Games

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Card Board Games

For many, "baccarat" is an obscure name from the world of gambling. Fans of this game can be seen in the exclusive areas of the gambling establishment. In this article, you will learn in detail what this game is and what its rules are.

The history of baccarat

The history of baccarat

Even those who have heard about this game often have no idea how to play it, not to mention the origin of this exclusive entertainment.

First, there is really nothing exclusive about it. The rules of the game are extremely simple, and the advantage of a gambling house in baccarat is the lowest in all casinos. Its origin is the subject of heated debate, so let's look into it.

Both the French and the Italians claim that the world owes the invention of baccarat to them. In addition, there is an opinion that the roots of the game go to pagan rituals.

The most plausible version is as follows: the word "Baccara" (which is pronounced BAC – car – a) in Italian means "zero", and the reason for this is that the most common card score in the game is zero. Italian gambler Felix Falguera is credited with creating the first version of baccarat in the 80s of the 15th century. This game quickly crossed the Northern border of Italy and firmly established itself in France.

Here it was to the taste of aristocratic society and soon became a popular form of entertainment for the wealthy. The French slightly changed the rules, and baccarat became known as Chemin de Fer (railway). This may be the reason why the French are vying with the Italians for ownership of this card game.

So how did the transition from Chemin de Fer to the modern version of baccarat happen? In the original Chemin de Fer game in France, an important characteristic was that players were allowed to control the Bank. In order for the casino to earn money, a Commission was set for each win of the Bank holder. However, this changed when the game moved North, crossed the English channel and ended up in the UK. With the new rules came a new name-European baccarat, in which the casino controls the Bank, and there is also a dealer.

At the beginning of the 20th century, baccarat crossed the Atlantic and found itself in North America, where it quickly went out of fashion. In the 50s, she again went on a journey. However, this time to Argentina, where it became popular in the casino Mar del Plata.

The next stop was Cuba, where the game was called Punto Banco. Further rule changes led to the creation of the American version of baccarat, where players fight the casino rather than each other.

It's only been a couple of years, and a guy named Tommy Renzoni brought the game to a Las Vegas casino.

Rules of baccarat

You don't have to be a jackass to play baccarat. By the end of this article, you can easily move from the "beginner" category to the professional League.

Betting is almost the only thing you do in this game.

So you sit down, count the number of chips you want to invest in the game, and decide how to distribute them.

The goal of the game is to bet on the winning side. In baccarat there are three betting options: bet on the Bank, bet per player and bet on a tie.

The game starts with two hands. The banker and the player receive two cards each:

The cards of the banker - hand A;
The cards of the player – hand B.
Please note that all tens and face cards are counted for zero points. The scores of other cards are counted by their numbers, that is, the ACE is equal to one point.

In addition, if the number of points in your hand is two – digit, then only the last one is considered.

Example:

the banker gets 10 and 7;
the player gets a 9 and 3.
In this hypothetical baccarat hand, the banker will win, because 0+7=7 points, while the player's hand is only 2 points (9+3=12, but only the last digit counts, so the result is 2).

This is a simplified example. The reality is a little more complicated.

"Natural" winners in baccarat

This applies to a specific baccarat rule, according to which you need to remember every time you place a bet on a banker or player.

If the sum of points of the first two cards is equal to 8 or 9, the player who manages to reach such a score (this is called a "natural victory"), and becomes the winner in this game.

In this case, the cards are no longer dealt, and the bets that were made at the beginning of the whole action can be cashed.

When do I need another card?

If no one is able to get a "natural victory", then you may need another card. All because the player (who enters the game first) has a total of only 6 or 7 points.

What about the banker?

banker

This is where things start to get complicated. If the player does not need a third card, the banker remains with 6 or 7 points and draws a card in the range from 0 to 5.

Otherwise:

If the player draws a 9, 10, or ACE as the third card, the banker gets a card from 0 to 3 points and stops if the sum of his points is from 4 to 7;
If the player draws 8 as the third card, the banker gets a card from 0 to 2 and stops if the sum of his points is from 3 to 7;
If the player draws 6 or 7 as the third card, the banker gets a card from 0 to 6 and stops if the sum of his points is 7;
If the player draws 4 or 5 as the third card, the banker gets a card from 0 to 5 and stops if the sum of his points is 6 or 7;
If the player draws 2 or 3 as the third card, the banker gets a card from 0 to 4 and stops if the sum of his points is 5, 6 or 7.
When all the cards are dealt, it remains only to count the points and determine the winner. The one who manages to get closer to nine points wins the game.

Bet on a draw in baccarat

Baccarat has one feature-sometimes it may not be a winner.

If the points of the player and the banker are equal, the game ends in a draw. In this case, the bets on the banker and the player are returned (no one wins or loses). Only draw bets are paid.

Draw payouts range from 8 to 1 to 9 to 1.

Popular side bets in baccarat

popular bets

3-Card Six

This side bet is available in most gambling establishments. If the banker and the player get 6 combinations and 3 cards, you can get a payout in the ratio of 100 to 1. However, you will only get 8 to 1 if there is only one combination. The advantage of the gambling house in this game is 13.7%.

Lucky Bonus

Side bet without Commission in various casinos. This is a winning six and is considered a bet on the banker's combination. This bet gives the player an advantage in the amount of 2.43%. You cannot make a bet that is more than 10% of the banker's bet. This is one of the side bets with the highest RTP score. The advantage of the gambling house is 1.11%. The payouts here are 18 to 1.

Super 6

If the banker's winning combination totals 6 points, the payout ratio can be 12 to 1. This is a side bet with the biggest advantage of the gambling house. The proposed payout is 29.98%.

Read also: Top 5 common mistakes in casinos

4-5-6

3 bets are available for the total number of points of each combination. 5 and 6 can pay off 2 to 1, while 4 is 3 to 1.

Royal Match

This bet can be made on both the banker and the player if you draw a Queen or king in the first two cards. Here the advantage of the gambling house is very acceptable – 2.13%. The available payout is 75 to 1 for a king and Queen of the same suit. For cards of different suits, the payout is 30 to 1.

Dragon 7

Dragon 7 is popular among Chinese players. This is a bet when the banker gets a winning combination of three cards with seven points. The payout ratio will be 40 to 1. A side bet will increase the gambling house's advantage to 7.61%.

Tags: interesting, baccarat, game

Card Board Games

The story of a game that has gone through times of ups and downs, but has not lost its intellectual charm. Simple rules that allow players to increase their chances of winning blackjack. Basic strategy: mathematical combinations and an attempt to "catch your luck by the tail".

Blackjack is a card game for intellectuals, mathematicians, and those who like to try their luck. Over the years, it has experienced UPS and downs, but it has become one of the most striking examples of how attitudes to the game can change it.

They started playing blackjack in the middle of the XVIII century. Like many other gambling games, blackjack originated in France. The Americans later gave it a slightly different form, and it is in this form that we see the game in modern realities.

Game history

Game history

For two hundred years, the game of blackjack was a "spare player" in the casino. In the 1950s, the most popular entertainment in Las Vegas gambling houses was dice. It was a social game: if the dice were favorable and the player won — they threw a party, if they lost, they were sad together. Blackjack, on the other hand, separated one player from another and placed them on different sides of the barricades.

In 1956, the Quartet of mathematicians of the United States Armed forces, which entered the annals of blackjack as the Baldwin group, published an article in the journal of The American statistical Association. This article was the first to describe a mathematically correct set of actions for the game. Later, this approach became better known as the basic strategy.

Then in 1962, Ed Thorpe published Beat the Dealer — the best-selling paperback book that explained to the General public that by counting cards (tracking how many high-value cards were left in the game), players could have a statistical advantage over the casino in the face of the dealer.

 After that, smart and disciplined players became regulars of the casino. Blackjack quickly became the most popular gambling game. The initial panic of casino managers softened to wariness as they realized that not all players are as smart as they would like.

The popularity of blackjack since the 1960s is instructive: nothing in the game itself has changed. Casinos, for their part, did not try to popularize it, and there were no new strategies for one-hundred-percent winning. However, blackjack developed because players realized that you can win, though occasionally.

For decades, blackjack remained the king of the tables. The 2008 film "Twenty-one", based on real events and telling about the exploits of the MIT counting team, introduced the game to a new generation. But nothing lasts forever under the moon. At least recently, blackjack has become second fiddle and given the palm to baccarat.

However, competition with baccarat, slot machines, and other games is not the only problem with blackjack. Many casino managers, who have always been concerned about the potential of blackjack for players, have slightly deviated from the rules to make the game more profitable.


Essence of game

Essence of game

Blackjack is also known as 21. The essence of the game is simple: score 21 points or more than in the hands of the dealer, but in no case more than 21. If a player collects more than 21, it "burns". In case of a draw, the player and the dealer remain at their own.

The value of cards

The value of cards

In blackjack, the price of cards does not change during the game. The goal is to score 21 points using as few cards as possible. Cards have these price values:

Maps with numbers: price — the number on the map.
Pictures: the price — 10 points.
ACE — 1 or 11. As a rule, the price of an ACE is 11 points, but if the sum of points is higher than 21 in this calculation, then the card price becomes 1.
Thus, the blackjack with the least number of cards is an ACE and any card with a picture or a ten.
 

Rules of blackjack

Rules of blackjack

When playing at a table in a casino, it is important to know some basic gestures. To get a card, tap the table with your finger or scratch the table with the edge of the cards. "Enough" means putting chips on the cards (picture down). To split you must add another bet and raise cards in your hand, to double — make another bet on the corresponding field.

The rules for each gambling establishment may be slightly modified. As a rule, the dealer always stands at 17. In some casinos, he can get to the "soft 17" (ACE and 6). The quickest way to understand the subtleties comes directly at the table. The rules for insurance, splits, and doubles vary depending on the local casino rules.
All insurance, splits, and doubling rules must be read before starting the game. Do not forget that all additional rules and actions are in favor of the institution.
Counting cards. Some players "count the deck", that is, count how many aces, tens, and pictures are left in the game. If there are many more such cards in the deck, then the bet can be raised to collect a "good hand".
Basic winning strategies: always stop at hard 17 and higher, never say "enough" on soft 17, double the "soft hand" ACE + 2 or ACE + 3 against 5-6, ACE +4 ACE +5 against 4-6, ACE+7 against 3-6
The basic strategy of blackjack

In blackjack, many players follow the simplest rules to reduce the probability of losing (busting). For example, if a player already has 12 points on their hands, it is better not to risk it, since it is likely that 10 points will fall out as the most common card value. This strategy is not profitable over a long distance. This is because, using this rule, the player reduces the probability of winning by 4%.

All options have already been calculated for the player, the advantage of the gambling establishment is 0.5%. This means that, following the strategies outlined on the diagram, the probability of winning the casino client is 49.75%.

Tags: blackjack, card games