The exact date and details of the first poker game are still unknown. But there are some information and facts about those travelers gambling cards, which were popular not only among ordinary people, but also among the nobility.
Poker: history of the game
Four suits are equated to four classes of people: spades correspond to the nobility, diamonds – to merchants, clubs – to peasants, and hearts-to priests.
An ancient card game that has undergone many changes over the centuries is now significantly different from the entertainment that existed before.
What we know about poker: the history of its origin refers to the 10th century. Curiously, the Chinese Emperor Mu Zeng loved to lay out paper dominoes. The excitement flared even more when the courtiers placed bets on a particular type of deal. Ancient papyri say that in the 12-13 centuries, the Egyptians also scattered cards.
Then the historical chain is interrupted until the 15th century, when the game was seen in Persia. By the way, it was the Persian people who invented the Joker. The Persians had many similar card games, one of which the aristocrats liked to play. There were 96 cards in the deck, cut into thin plates of ivory or valuable wood. The common people also played cards, but using a deck with 25 paper pictures and 5 suits.
The Persians conducted an active trade with Europe. And along with carpets and silk fabrics, they brought a card game. Entertainment of this format quickly became popular with the British, French and Germans. In each language, the rules were different, but the essence remained the same: the winner was the participant who collected the strongest combination of cards. You could also play for money, making any bets. Gambling is firmly entrenched in the minds of Europeans, people were deprived of entire fortunes, and unpaid debts became the cause of bloodshed.
Gerolamo Cardano, a Spanish mathematician, engineer, doctor, and astrologer, first described poker strategy using mathematical algorithms in his book on gambling.
A new concept has been added to the art of the game – bluff. You had to have a lot of stamina and artistry to win. There is a legend that tells about a certain Adele – a lady of blue blood, who needed to take acting classes and take poker lessons to release her son from prison, who was convicted of gambling debts. The woman bluffed so skillfully that she beat even experienced masters. As a result, after the release of her son, the lady never stopped playing. She was last seen in a gambling house at the age of 87. This leads to the conclusion that emotion control allows you to win in any game.
Poker was brought to Canada by French colonists, and from there the game went to the United States, to New Orleans, taking a modern form and becoming a national treasure.
Americans think that the progenitor of poker is the famous sharper Jonathan Harrington green, nicknamed "captain green" or "favorite of Fortune". He first described the card game of sailors and called it "poker". Once a lucky man was lucky enough to break the Bank in the amount of $23,000, and at the beginning of the 19th century it was significant money. Already in adulthood, Jonathan told about his tricks, publishing the book "Exposing the tricks of cheaters", which became a bestseller at the time.
Poker: a modern history
Poker became more and more famous and was in demand all over the world. In cities, salons with special card tables were opened, and the rules were overgrown with new nuances. There were those types that are still held at the peak of popularity, for example, Texas hold'em.
In 1968, the first mass poker competition was held in Texas, won by Crandell Addington. Addington still holds the world record for the number of wins in poker tournaments. The 1968 event was the origin of the world series of poker (WSOP), the most prestigious international competition. 2 years later, the first official WSOP tour was held at the casino "Benin Horseshoe". The event was held in Las Vegas and lasted a week.
In the modern history of poker, you need to highlight such iconic players as Johnny Moss, STU Unger, Amarillo Slim, Doyle Brunson, Chip Reese. Their portraits are now decorated with halls of gambling establishments.